QS World University Ranking (also called QS Ranking) is one of the most popular ranking indicator to choose the best universities across the globe. QS ranking is published based on thorough research where various factors including university internal and outside perception, student records, faculty records, alumni records, industry interaction are taken into consideration. Students can check detailed ranking of all the universities on QS website (topuniversities.com). US universities constitutes the most of top ranks, and cover overall 15% of all universities.
QS Ranking Methodology
Academic reputation (Weightage: 40%)
Academic reputation score constitutes weightage of 40%, which is highest of all the metrics. It covers teaching and research quality in the higher education space in various universities. Overall, 100,000+ people are contacted every year for this world’s largest survey of academic opinion. Various research methodologies like sentimental analysis are using for getting this metric.
Employer reputation (Weightage: 10%)
One of the major factor for enrolling into higher education in any university, is to get better post graduation work opportunities. For this reason, industry or employer perception is utmost important. In the employer reputation calculation, detailed QS Employer Survey is done every year, and companies are asked to classify institutions based on job readiness, competitiveness, innovativeness and other important factors. QS Employer survey is also world’ largest employe survey where 50,000+ employers are contacted throughout the world.
Faculty/Student Ratio (Weightage: 20%)
Quality of faculty and teaching standards are cited by students as most important factors in ranking universities. Since measuring quality is very subjective, the best chosen indicator is measuring teacher/student ratio, and this identifying that ratio as teaching quality. Higher teacher/student ratio will reduce the teaching burden, so that each faculty can give more time on learning of students.
Citations per faculty (Weightage: 20%)
While measuring universities ranking, research and innovative-ness plays an important roles. Research directly indicates research standards, quality of labs and practical works, industry readiness and interaction. Citations per faculty metric is used to measure this metric. Total number of citations received by all papers produced by an institution across a five-year period by the number of faculty members at that institution. Normalization is done for each subjects, so that different fields can get equal opportunity in this calculation. For 2020, QS assessed 138 million citations from 18.5 million papers once self-citations were excluded.
International faculty ratio/International student ratio (Weightage: 5% each)
Higher international faculty and student numbers indicates popularity of universities in different nations. It also indicate aboloty to attract students and faculty, and thus directly signify brand value of the university. It implies a highly global outlook: essentially for institutions operating in an internationalised higher education sector. It also provides both students and staff alike with a multinational environment, facilitating exchange of best practices and beliefs. In doing so, it provides students with international sympathies and global awareness: soft skills increasingly valuable to employers. Both of these metrics are worth 5% of the overall total.
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