What is National Disaster Response force (NDRF) ?

What is National Disaster Response force (NDRF) ?

After back to back disasters of Orissa summer cyclone ‘99, Gujarat earthquake ’01 and Tsunami of ‘D4 which killed thousands of people we finally felt the need of having a specialist response mechanism at the national level to effectively respond to disasters both natural and man-made.

The Disaster Management Act, 2005 was thus enacted which act up the stability provisions for the establishment of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). NDRF is a specialist force, providing a response in terms of crisis act up in 2006.

Composition –

  • 12 battalions including 1149 personnel’s each.
  • Members are taken on deputation from elite central armed police forces.
  • Situated throughout the country based on risk assessment.

NDRF aims to build a safer and disaster-resistant India with their multi-skilled, multidisciplinary and high tech force which is capable to deal with all type of disasters.



  • To train the state disaster response forces.
  • Provide specialized and immediate response in case of disasters
  • Community-building programs.
  • Need to constantly acquire and upgrade their skills.
  • They need to reach the affected peace in the shortest timespan.
  • Organize public awareness campaign, school safety programme such a huge task force needs to be looked into constantly for its smooth functioning.
  • CAG’s Audit report, 2012 recommended the following –
  • National and state-level disaster mitigation funds were yet to be established – therefore immediate establishment required to encourage pre-disaster management and mitigate in the country.
  • Due to the management of funds, MoHA was asked to strengthen its monitoring system state disaster response funds. Need to increase numbers of battalions.
  • Effectiveness was found to be hampered because of the shortage of adware infrastructure and equipment.
  • Fire and medical services were found to be lacking at both state and central level and have needed a revamp.
  • NDRF being the only dedicated disaster response force in the world is unique in itself.
  • The recent Kerala floods, Maharashtra floods have seen a major contribution from NDRF and it has saved millions of lives both human and livestock.
  • NDRF has not to gist performed nationally but at international levels too. Japan simple disaster ’11, Nepal earthquake ’15 and has received appreciation throughout.
  • Since its establishment in 2016, NDRF has evacuated 5,81,982 human lives.
  • It has capabilities of undertaking mitigation, preparedness and prevention of disasters making them efficient and prompt in their delivery.
  • Once hit b disasters, the particular area took years to rebuild – therefore timely rescue and relief questions are extremely important to save as much s we can during such times.

The nation will forever remain indebted for the timely and efficient needs of NDRF and its brave personnel. Their existence is very important for the country.

RBI Grade B 2019

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