RBI Grade B Exam Information

RBI Grade B Economic and Social IssueIn RBI Grade B Economic and Social issues paper one thing which must be kept into mind is that this paper is not just about economics but also about Social Issues. So we need to go up to an optimum level (neither too shallow nor two deep. The structure of this article is as follow:

1) Analysis of ESI paper of Phase II

2) Major insights which can be drawn from the analysis

3) Segregation of RBI grade b syllabus on basis of topic. This will help in chalking out of study plan.

Study plan which should be followed

RBI Grade B exam pattern

RBI Grade b recruitment 2017 process consists of three phases.

RBI Economics and Social Issue 1

Read More: Preparation tips for RBI Grade B- Phase 1

There is usually 15 days window between Phase 1 and Phase 2 exam. So exam preparation for Phase 1 and Phase 2 exam should be done simultaneously. Initially, major focus should be on Phase 2 and then the focus should shift to Phase 1 prior to 2-month of Phase 1 Examination.

RBI grade B Exam Pattern for Phase-II Paper is as under.

RBI Economics and Social Issue 2

RBI Grade b Economic and Social Issue paper pattern

The segregation of questions on basis of marks per question can be done as under:

RBI Economics and Social Issue 3

For 2-marker questions, passages were provided, which helped in setting the perspective for the questions and then questions were asked related to that. It should not be considered the answers are hidden in the passage. A passage is there just to set the perspective. List of questions can be found at the end of the article.

Segregation can be done in two ways

1) On basis of Topics (as per given by RBI notification)

  • Growth and Development
  • Economic Reforms in India
  • Globalization
  • Social & Political
  • Misc

2) On basis of nature of the question

  • Theory-based Question (My “Guru” calls it static part) e.g.: relative poverty meaning, Fiscal policy meaning etc.
  • Statistical Data (stat): g. GDP growth number, CSO data on National income etc.
  • Current: Budget/Economic survey based, recent laws/bills, schemes etc.

 RBI Grade B ESI exam classification based on topics

Classification on basis of topics can be done as under:

RBI Economics and Social Issue 4

RBI Grade B Economics and Social Issue 5

Further Classification of each category is done as under.

RBI Grade B Economics and Social Issue 6
RBI Grade B Economic and Social pattern based on nature of questions

All the questions can be broadly divided into following heads

RBI Grade B Economic and Social Issue 8

RBI Grade B Economic and Social Issue 9

As represented above the Current is having the highest weight age. But one thing should be mentioned here without understanding theory it will be difficult to consume the Current. So Theory is also important. In fact, both should go in hand in hand.

Further many statistics and Current questions are some way or other is related to Economic Survey or Budget. For example, there were 5 questions on Skill Development for Tribal Youth of 2 marks each, i.e. total of 10 marks.  And this scheme is mentioned in Budget of the year 2016-17. Of course, that may not be mentioned in detail but at least it gives you what to research for or look for. Similarly, Ease of doing business Rank (which was asked in the exam) mentioned in the Economic Survey of last year.

The source of questions can be segregated as represented under:

RBI Grade B Economic and Social Issue 10
Role of Economy Survey & Budget is being emphasized by the above table. Further, reference of some questions from other categories can be found in Economic survey or budget. For example, a question related to GDP growth and per capita income, which is categorized under CSO, are having an indirect reference in Economic Survey (ES). These are mentioned in an economic survey but CSO comes up with modified data against the mentioned data in ES. Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) mentioned in economic Survey, its salient features are mentioned. But all features are not mentioned there so need to look at FTP.

To summarize, Economic Survey & Budget is necessary to cover. One thing which should be mentioned, just reading the ES&B is not enough, you have to understand ES&B, it is very interesting part of your preparation but it is also one of the most laborious tasks but enjoyable. Further understanding ES&B will not only help in Phase II but in Phase I as well and Interview.

Also, the theory for ESI paper should be studied in coherence with ES&B. Only then it will be interesting, otherwise reading the ES or budget will become a cumbersome project. There were totally 47 questions on basis of current events. Out of them 9 questions of total 15 marks were on basis of schemes. And 7 out f 9 are mentioned in ES&B. Some questions were from PIB website.

How to study for RBI Grade B Economic and Social Issues (ESI)

As mentioned in RBI notification whole of ESI can be segregated into following head

RBI Grade B Economics and Social Issue 11

RBI Grade B Economics and Social Issue 13 RBI Grade B Economics and Social Issue 14 RBI Grade B Economics and Social Issue 15


RBI Grade B Economics and Social Issue 14

Economics and Social Issues(ESI) questions from past papers

Economic Reform in India

  1. 3 questions related to Niti Aayog: 3-year agenda related question
  2. 3 question Related to Monetary policy framework:
    1. Related to committee head and  members reappointment rules
    2. Inflation target- Band of inflation? 2-6%
  3. Identify the scheme related to startup
  4. Which sector will be gained through startup India scheme
  5. Passage on UNCTAD- report published by it
  6. D in FSDC stands for?
  7. Which country has signed information exchange agreement with 40 countries?
  8. Committee to review FRBM?
  9. Purpose of FRBM
  10. How much fund allocation for Dairy development.
  11. Which PSU was approved for restructuring in May?
  12. Ease of doing business ranking published by whom?
  13. Information exchange agreement signed between India and which country?

Growth and Development

  1. Jawahar rozgar yojana has been modified into which scheme?
  2. Which scheme will help a person in a rural area who has done a degree in accounting to secure an opportunity without leaving for the city.
  3. Jawahar Rozgar Yojana and Indira awaz yojana restructured into which scheme?
  4. Estimation of GDP for India for 2019 by Paris based think tank.
  5. Warangal city was mentioned and question was asked to identify the scheme to develop Warangal
  6. Have to tell which city is not under above identified scheme (HRIDAY)
  7. 3 questions based on IIP (index of Industrial Production )
  8. What is the alternative name for Brundtland commission
  9. HDI released by which organization?
  10.  GDP-DEPRECIATION gives what?
  11. What is market value of final goods and services produced in a year is called?
  12. Which country decided to opt out of Paris climate framework?
  13. Which committee to collect comprehensive unemployment data?
  14. 2016-17 4th quarter GDP growth?
  15. Number of SDG goals and targets?
  16. Total population of youth aged between 15-30 who are not under any employment education or training?
  17. What is the forecast by Economic Survey for growth of India in 2018-19?
  18. OECD projection for India for 2018-19?


  1. Which board was removed recently?
  2. Regarding countries of concern- how is FDI regulated through such countries?
  3. As per new rules, in how many days FDI proposal should be passed?
  4. Why did the government implement new FDI rules
  5. A passage based on WTO- central Asia regional organization was started by which bank
  6. ASEAN summit venue in April 2017?
  7. BOP meaning?
  8. CEZ full form?

Govt. Department

  1. DIPP under which ministry?
  2. Who is the chief of NITI Aayog committee for Employment status?
  3. MGNREGA comes under which ministry?

Social and Political

  1. Match the following was given: Bills on one side (employee compensation, maternity etc.) and the issues related to the bill
  2. India’s rank in Gender inequality index?
  3. Which of the following are Parameters for Gender Inequality Index?
  4. Social Movement related to Right to Information. Background was given. Movement’s organization was asked- Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan
  5. The MKSS Movement was fought for which parameters?
  6. RTI was passed in which year?
  7. Which of the following schemes help in regarding the issues mentioned in passage- options Kishore yojana, standup startup India, matritva yojana.
  8. Scheme related to adolescent girls was asked.
  9. App designed for adolescent girls- saathiya salah
  10. Passage Regarding maternity bill- it was mentioned that India was placed in same bracket as Iceland and some other country- a question was asked highlighting the issue mentioned in the passage and specific rank of India regarding that issue index was asked (India’s score in index was given too- 0.683)
  11. Population affected by water crisis?
  12. SECC census- what is the % of rural households in India out of total households
  13. Cry report- people without access to clean drinking water
  14. Total women workforce participation rate
  15. India will overtake CHINA population in which year
  16. 2 cities Of India identified as dense- Mumbai, Kota
  17. Maternity leave extension related to which scheme?