The Ministry of HRD and the National Co-ordination board(GATE), have jointly handed over the responsibility of conducting GATE exam to the 7 IITs of India and the IISc at Bangalore. The IISC and the 7 IITs conduct the exam by collaborating with each other. The GATE is an all India level competitive exam. It is required for aspirants who intend to pursue the following higher courses after they have met GATE eligibility criteria.
- Master degree programs in engineering/technology and architecture.
- Doctoral programs after obtaining a master degree in the fields of engineering/technology and architecture.
- At deemed universities offering higher degrees in science, these institutions may receive grants from MHRD.
- At other universities that offer higher, autonomous courses in science that may or may not receive support from the MHRD.
- For employment opportunities at major public sector undertakings and Navarathna companies.
Some of the PSUs that utilize the GATE scores to offer employment to meritorious students include:
- Bharath Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
- Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)
- Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
- Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
- National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
- Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL)
- Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
- Power Grid Corporation of India
The GATE exam is conducted to test a students understanding in : Undergraduate subjects of specialization in engineering/technology or architecture and Post-graduate level knowledge of science subjects. Students can appear for the exam at examination centres located all over India. The exam is also conducted abroad at six centres. The entire system of GATE examination is made online.
- A student has to first register online at GOAPS ( GATE online application processing system).
- After registration, fill in the application form provided in the portal through online means.
- Upload relevant certificates and documents.
- Pay fees though online mode.
- Download admit cards from the website after the notification appears in the website.
- Students should also note that they need not send the hard copy of their application through post. The admit cards are only available for download in the official website. Nobody will receive the admit card through post again.
- An individual score card will be provided to every student after the calculation of scores. The result notification will appear in the website. The scores of GATE will be valid for three years from the date the results were announced.
- The GATE examination is conducted for a total of 23 papers. A student can only appear in any one of the 23 papers. The paper applied for, should be relative to his undergraduate subject. The list of papers is given below:
|3||Architecture and Planning||AR|
|7||Computer Science and Information Technology||CS|
|9||Electronics and Communication Engineering||EC|
|11||Ecology and Evolution||EY|
|12||Geology and Geophysics||GG|
|20||Production and Industrial Engineering||PI|
|21||Textile Engineering and Fibre Science||TF|
If you are appearing for XE and XL papers, then you have a different pattern to follow. For both XE and XL, the list of sections is provided here. Among them, one section that has been marked compulsory has to be attempted, together with 2 other sections of the candidate’s choice. So, totally 3 sections have to be attempted along with the General Aptitude paper (GA).
Engineering Sciences (XE) Papers
- Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory)
- Fluid Mechanics
- Materials Science
- Solid Mechanics
- Polymer Science and Engineering
- Food Technology
- Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
Life Sciences (XL) Papers
- Chemistry (Compulsory)
- Food Technology
Questions in the computer based online test will be of two types: Multiple choice questions ( MCQs) and Numerical type questions. Calculators or any other electronic devices are not allowed inside the exam hall. Virtual calculators provided on the computer screen have to be used.
To appear for the exam, one needs to fulfil certain GATE eligibility criteria pertaining to academic qualifications, percentage obtained in the qualifying undergraduate exam, age limits etc. Some of the most important parameters are given below for your reference:
- Indian citizens are eligible to apply for GATE. Apart from Indian nationals, candidates from other countries can also apply for the exam. The list of countries include Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Singapore, UAE and Eithopia. Students from other countries should fulfil the criteria of having obtained a degree in M.Sc /engineering/ technology in their chosen science streams.
- For Indian citizens, candidates who have completed their course in engineering/ technology/M.Sc are eligible to apply. Students in their final year of these streams are also eligible to apply.
- GATE has not specified any minimum pass percentage for candidates in their chosen streams.
- GATE has also not set any prior age limit for candidates to appear in the exam.
|Sl. No||Qualification||Course details||Description||Documents to be submitted|
|BE/ B.Tech/B.Pharma||4 year course after completion of 10+2||Course successfully completed or Pursuing final year of the course.||Degree certificate/ provisional certificate or course completion certificate . (Authorised letter from principal in case pursuing final year)|
|BE/ B.Tech||3 year course after completing B.sc or Diploma||Course successfully completed or Pursuing final year of the course.||Degree certificate/ provisional certificate or course completion certificate. (Authorised letter from principal in case pursuing final year)|
|B.Arch||5 years degree in architecture after 10+2||Course successfully completed or Pursuing final year of the course.||Degree certificate/ provisional certificate or course completion certificate . (Authorised letter from principal in case pursuing final year)|
|4.||4 year B.Sc or BS||4 years course after 10+2 or after completion of diploma||Course successfully completed or Pursuing final year of the course.||Degree certificate/ provisional certificate or course completion certificate . (Authorised letter from principal in case pursuing final year)|
|M.Sc or MCA or MA in science stream||Master degree in science or computer applications or statistics or mathematics||Course successfully completed or Pursuing final year of the course.|
|Integrated M.Tech or M.E program after completion of B.Sc||Integrated 4 year program in engineering/technology after completion of B.Sc||Course completed. Candidates in the 2nd/3rd/4th year could also apply.||Degree certificate/ provisional certificate or course completion certificate . (Authorised letter from principal in case pursuing 2nd/3rd/4th year )|
|7.||Dual Degree or Integrated M.E/M.Tech after completion of Diploma or 10+2||Five years integrated program in M.E/M.Tech or dual degree in engineering/technology right after 10+2 or diploma||Course completed. Candidates in the 4th or 5th year could also apply.||Degree certificate/ provisional certificate or course completion certificate . (Authorised letter from principal in case pursuing 4th or 5th year )|
|8.||Integrated B.Sc plus M.Sc program||Five year integrated program after 10+2||Course successfully completed or Pursuing final year of the course.|
|9.||AMIE / AMICE ( Recognised by the govt. of India)||Professional societies that offer equivalent courses of B.E/ B.Tech .||Course successfully completed or Candidate should have completed at least Section ‘A’ of such professional courses.||Professional certificate/ provisional certificate or course completion certificate. The candidate should also submit a memebership certificate from the professional society he belongs to.|
Counseling procedure of GATE exam
There are certain things a person should be acquainted with, before applying for the course he desires to pursue, after getting a valid GATE score. To be able to apply to the institute and the course of his choice, the person should bear the following things in mind. Let us first look into the counseling procedure for admission into any of the IITs:
- A two-way approach should be followed by every student to apply for the counseling procedure. The first step is to register oneself at the portal named COAP (common offer acceptance portal). The second step is to be sure about the institute one has in mind and the course one desires to enroll for. Once this is set, then he can browse through the links of the respective institute and click on the course that he intends to register to. In short, registering to the institute and the department offering the course plus the COAP is mandatory.
- Students intending to pursue M.Tech courses should be able to attend the centralized counseling sessions held as per the scores obtained by meritorious students.
- While applying for counseling, be prepared with the following. Keep your GATE score ready. Check the cut-off declared by the particular institute for the specific branch you wish to enroll into.
- In the next round of counseling, you would be required to submit all relevant documents and pay the requisite fees.
- If a meritorious student has completed his engineering course from any of the IITs and holds an exceptional CGPA performance, then he could apply for direct admission to the M.Tech program at any of the IITs, provided he clears a written exam prior to the counseling session.
- The registration for the courses offered by the IITs for selection by students may or may not begin before the declaration of exam results. Students should refer to the official website for more details from time to time.
- In case a student seeks entry into any of the NITs, the approach is quite different. Students can download registration forms for admission into any NIT of their choice around the months of April or May. They can then check for their GATE scores, their eligibility and cut-off scores, etc and specify their choices. The rest of the procedure regarding selection of the institute plus the branch remains the same.
- The IISc at Bangalore provides application forms for students to download even before their results are out. They can send in their intended courses by allotting them preferences in the application form. Once the results are out, they can check their eligibility criteria and if it’s within the prescribed cut-off percentage, the student may go ahead and register for the counseling session at Bangalore.
PSU Recruitment through GATE scores :
- Seats are limited, applicants are more. High and exceptional scorers can generally apply.
- For applying to universities, GATE scores are valid for three years. The same rule may not hold good when trying for employment at PSUs.
- Some PSUs may consider conducting extra tests apart from your GATE scores. Some may stick to GATE scores alone.
- Your pass percentage in the degree qualifying examination is also considered along with your GATE scores.
- Check the cut off percentage of your GATE score before applying.
- Download the application form of the PSU that you wish to apply for.
- Register yourself and upload necessary documents.
- Pay the requisite fee through Bank DD/ Challan.
- Some require only the online application form. Some may suggest posting a hard copy of the application form through postal means.
Which are the best books to refer when it comes to cracking the GATE aptitude test paper?
- A person who has an average level of intelligence can crack the aptitude part of GATE with good practice.
- The logical, analytical and reasoning type of questions are given weightage in the aptitude question paper.
- The book written by R.S. Agarwal for other competitive and bank examinations should be good enough for preparation.
What are some of the best time saving strategies during GATE preparation?
- If you plan to give your GATE exam in your final semester, start preparation a year early, i.e in your 3rd year itself.
- Learn basics of engineering subjects, they carry more weightage.
- Advanced concepts of the 3rd and 4th year are frequently asked.
- Make good notes for last minute revision during exam.
- Practice previous year papers. Attend mock tests.
Is GATE exam compulsory for every engineer aspiring for jobs at PSUs?
- Yes, GATE exam is a must for applying as an engineer at PSUs.
- Sometimes, the PSUs offer employment solely on your GATE scores.
- Some conduct an additional test along with your GATE scores.
- Before you apply to any PSU with your GATE score, kindly check the cut-off scores and then go ahead.
Self tutoring or attending coaching classes- which is the best option for GATE preparation?
Pros of attending coaching classes:
- Better focused study material.
- Teachers in coaching class help clear doubts personally.
- Discussion with peers.
- More number of mock tests.
Self tutoring works best when:
- You have ample time for preparation.
- You have good study material, required resources and know the syllabus well.
- You are able to clear doubts on your own.
- Are able to judge yourself in mock test attempts.
I have not completed my degree yet. I am in the third year of my engineering; do I qualify to appear in the exam, what are the supporting documents I need to send?
Sorry, the GATE eligibility criteria clearly states that students who are in the final year of their engineering course can only apply for the exam. If you are currently in your third year, you would have to wait for another year before you register yourself. Even when you are in the fourth year, you would have to take a consent letter from the Principal of your institution and upload it as a supporting document while submitting the registration form online.
Examination Pattern of GATE
- Examination is conducted in the online mode only.
- Maximum marks of examination is 100.
- Exam duration is three hours.
- The question paper contains a total of 65 questions.
- For multiple choice questions, there will be 4 choices for each question. There could be both questions for 1 mark or 2 marks.
- Numerical type questions have no choices given in the question paper. The real number obtained after solving the question should be entered by the candidate on the screen.
- Total number of General aptitude questions : 10 questions for 15 marks.
- Questions on engineering mathematics for 15 marks.
- 1 mark questions : for every wrong answer, 1/3rd of the total marks will be cut.
- 2 marks questions : for every wrong answer, 2/3rd of the total marks will be cut.
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