Why does India need vibrant defence manufacturing ecosystem?

India is largest importer of defense related equipment’s. Country like USA, Russia, Israel are main supplier of defense equipment for India. India spending I.P % of GDP ondefense equipment’s and 70% of them are imports. It shows that India’shighest level potential to create defense ecosystem.

How to achieve indigenization of defense technology :

  • Government investment in upgradation of its organization like DRDO and HAL.
  • Technology transfer deals could help to bring new technologies like Brahmas Missile.
  • Make 11 mode of private sector investment could help to standarise management and procedure of defense manufacturing sector.
  • Defense procurement policy focused on the indigenously designed and developed mechanism (DDDM)would encourage private sector to setup labs for research.
  • Off set partnership could help to prevent crowding out of capital and tend to invest in Indian Industrial firm.

Challenges in indigenization of defense technology :

  • Many nations like liturgics for technology transfer in case of leased Akula class submarine.
  • Raffle controversy recluse credibility of government indefense deals.
  • Lower involvement of DRDO and HAL in defense manufacturing reducing capacity and capabilityof government ordinance factories.
  • Lower quality of skilled workers creates the obstacle in indigenization of defense technology.
  • Developed nations are manipulating India due to their vested interest as: CAATSA of USA.

Way forwarded :

  • Need to setup institute which is dedicated towards the defense technology.
  • Increase the capacity of government organization like HAL .
  • Foreign companies investment in defense technology should be incentivize with condition of technology transfer

By the indigenization of defense technology . India not only became self sufficient but also became net supplier of defense equipment in South Asia.

India’s balancing approach between different West Asian powers

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