Recently Flood Management and Border Areas Programme (FMBAP) was launched. It will be implemented throughout the country for effective flood management, erosion control and anti-sea erosion.
- The main aim is to arrest the State governments to provide a reasonable degree of protection against floods in critical areas.
- It aims to doubt optimum coordination of structural and non-structural measures, as well as enhancing capabilities of the state and cultural government officials.
- It doubts a comprehensive, integrated and coordinated approach to address the issue flood management.
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Salient features –
- Merges flood management (FMP) programme and river management activities and works related to border areas.
- Completion of projects FMP, hydro-meteorological observations and flood forecasting.
- Survey, investigation detailed project report of hydro projects on common rivers with other countries. E.g. – Pancheswar multipurpose project
Need for FMBAP –
- India one of the most flood-affected nation more than 40mha out of 329mha flood-prone.
- 60% of the flood damage results from river floods – Ganges – Brahmaputra – Meghna Basin contribution 60% of a total river flood.
- The flood problems in India demands a prolonged strategy with greater focus.
- Border areas are among the most vulnerable during floods, demanding an integrated approach.
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Way forward –
- Timely completion of projects, effective implementation and efficiency in flood forecasting network.
- Encouraging community-led participation in flood management.
- Effective environmental impact assessment before taking up any hydro-project (especially across the borders)
FMBAP is a welcome step towards addressing flood management and related issues. The success of the scheme will depend upon the effective implementation and strong centre state mechanism.