Unseen passage is an important part of English exam for Grade 10. It is part to check student reading abilities, and logical thinking process in analyzing a given paragraph. In this article, we have shared an unseen passage for grade 10 with mcq questions, so that students can attempt this reading passage and attempt the questions for practice.
Unseen passage for Grade 10 with Multiple Choice Questions
Source: The Hindu
In its most essential form, the Indian Supreme Court is the custodian of the Constitution of India. In this role, its primary responsibility is to ensure that the fundamental rights of citizens guaranteed under the Constitution are not diluted, eroded, or otherwise impinged upon by the state. It might have begun its existence as a passive court, but over the decades, it has become what I believe to be the most powerful court among its peers in the world.
This superior status manifests itself in at least three ways. Firstly, through its decision in Keshavananda Bharati, the Court assumed the power of judicial review over constitutional amendments. Secondly, through multiple decisions, it assumed the power of judicial appointments to itself and High Courts. And thirdly, it expanded the fundamental right to life and liberty under Article 21 of the Constitution through guaranteeing citizens unique and wide ranging protections, and ensuring the right to approach courts through public interest litigation.
At its helm sits the Chief Justice of India, or the CJI. The duties and responsibilities that come with the office of the CJI are unmatched by any other role in the country. In theory, at least, the CJI must exhibit judicial and administrative talent of an unusually high order. A sample of the responsibilities of the office include selecting judges for appointment to the higher judiciary, deciding the number and composition of benches to adjudicate on different kinds of cases, besides performing normal judicial duties. As George H. Gadbois puts it, the Chief Justice should be ‘a competent administrator, a shrewd judge of men and personalities, and a towering personality himself’.
But, by dint of circumstance, and to some degree by choice, the Indian judiciary evolved to follow the seniority convention in appointing the Chief Justice of India. As a result, while the persons who eventually become Chief Justice may not have been appointed for exhibiting certain qualities, they are compelled to develop these skills on the job, and some have done so with aplomb, e.g., Justice Subba Rao, Justice Venkatachaliah, and Justice J.S. Verma. However, an unfortunate fallout of the seniority convention is that Chief Justices tend to have very short tenures in office. Over 75 years, the Indian Supreme Court has already had 49 Chief Justices. Justice Y.V. Chandrachud, in the 1980s, had an exceptionally long tenure of over seven years, while at the other extreme, Justice K.N. Singh occupied the office for a mere 17 days.
MCQ for unseen passage for Class 10
Unseen Passage Question 1: What is the prime responsibility of Supreme Court of India?
- To deliver justice against any criminal activities
- To advise government on implementation of law and order
- To ensure the guarantee of fundamental rights to every citizens
- None of the above
Question 2: Which constitutional articles provide fundamental right to life and liberty?
- Article 15
- Article 18
- Article 21
- Article 25
Question 3: What is the main role of Chief Justice of India?
- Selecting judges for appointment to the higher judiciary
- Deciding the number and composition of benches for different types of cases
- Performing normal judicial duties
- All of the above
Question 4: Which Chief Justice of India has longest tenure till date?
- Justice K.N. Singh
- Justice Y.V. Chandrachud
- Justice J.S. Verma
- Justice Subba Rao
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