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Union Cabinet has approved plan for setting up of “National Nutrition Mission (NNM)” with three year budget of Rs. 9046.17 crores starting from 2017-18 to 2019-20. Further Prime Minister launched it on international Woman Day, March 8, 2018. This was launched with expansion of ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ campaign .
This three year program seeks to link and foster synergy between the existing schemes (across different ministries)
Objective and benefits of National Nutrition Mission
Though India has several welfare schemes for new/expecting mothers and young children, our goal of providing nutritious food is still far away. All of these schemes are disconnected, and thus people do not have access to all welfare scheme. National Nutrition Mission (NNM) will strive to create synergy among all the ongoing schemes for women and children, and thus aspire to create a positive synergy benefiting all.
- Under-nutrition by 2% per Annum
- Anemia by 3% per Annum
- Low birth weight by 2% per annum
- Stunting by 2% per Annum
- Although the target to reduce Stunting is atleast 2% p.a., Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022
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- 3 years
- From 2017-18 to 2019-20
- As already told , this will map various Schemes contributing towards addressing malnutrition
- Setting up real time nutrition monitoring systems (ICT based Real Time Monitoring system)
- Introducing measurement of height of children at the Anganwadi Centres (AWCs)
- Social Audits
- National Nutrition Mission, as an apex body, will monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition-related interventions across the Ministries.
- Nutrition Resource Centres, involving masses through Jan Andolan for their participation in nutrition through various activities, among others will be set-up
Involving StateS and Local Bodies
- Encouraging State/UT to meet their respective targets by incentisizing them
- Incentivizing Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) for using IT-based tools thus eliminate registers used by AWWs
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- 315 districts will be covered in 2017-18,
- 235 districts in 2018-19
- Remaining districts in 2019-20
Finance (Money for Scheme)
Rs 9046 crore will be spent for three years (From 2017-18 to 2019-20)
- Government budgetary support = (50%)
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development or the Multilateral Development Bank = 50%
Budgetary Support share between Center and State (Center: StaTE)
- 60:40 for normal Sate & UT with legislature
- 90:10 for North Eastern Region and Himalayan states ( 11 states= Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand)
- 100% for UTs without legislature.