Swachh Bharat Mission was launched on 2nd October 2014 to make our country clean on a mission mode by 2nd October 2019. The main objective of the scheme was to inculcate behavioural change among the people through various activities like construction of toilets in both urban and rural including community toilets, toilet in the school, by doing this the government want to improve the hygiene practices among people.
The achievement of SBM :
5.50 lakhs – ODF villages,
604 – ODF districts,
28 – ODF states / VTS.
(Note: ODF – Open defecation free)
At the beginning of the scheme, the individual Household latrines (JHHL) was about 38% by the end of January 2019, it is approximate 98% JHHL.
- The global sustainable development goals (Sdh) 6 deals with sanitation, by the successful implementation of the above mission, we became a torchbearer to other countries in the world.
- Challenges :
- Providing water supply to the toilets for its continuation use.
- Notions of purity impurity dilemma people.
- Benefits of the programme :
- Although there are specific challenges we can overcome them as we educate the people about the benefits of the SBM. Like, it will empower the women by providing safety from natural hazards, improve hygiene among family members.
- Reduce them morality due to open defecation.
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Recently Nigeria, an African country has taken inspiration from SBM and activity willing to implement a similar scheme in their country. Since Nigeria is a 2nd largest open country in the world which is practising open defecation. Therefore once it adopts a similar scheme, it can be replicated by other poorer African countries.
Though there are challenges like behavioural change, water supply etc but considering the hand on benefits of SBM, it will change the demographic health challenges and the country will be held high on Global platforms for achieving a healthy, wealthy and clean India by 2nd October 2019 by in the order to pay a fitting tribute of clean India on 150th Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.