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Daily Current Affairs, 22 March 2018

1.   22 March: World Water Day.

World Water Day

A.    To highlight the importance of freshwater World Water Day is an annual observance day on 22 March.
B.    To advocate for the sustainable management of freshwater resources it also be used.
C.    United Nations first designated World Water Day and was commemorated in 1993.
D.    ‘Nature for Water’ is the theme for the year 2018.


2.   World’s most liveable city for the ninth year: Vienna.
A.    Examining factors such as crime, healthcare, education, public services, recreation, housing and personal freedom, Mercer’s 20th annual Quality of Living survey compared 231 major metropolises.
B.    The worst city to live according to the same survey remained Baghdad.


3.   Opening of Missions in Africa to implement commitments of IAFS approved by cabinet.
A.    Opening of 18 new Indian Missions in Africa over a four year period from 2018-2021 has approved by the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.
B.    In Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Rwanda, Sao Tome& Principe, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Swaziland and Togo the 18 new Indian Missions in Africa will be opened.
C.    It will be opened over a four year period from 2018-2021 thereby increasing the number of Resident Indian Missions in Africa from 29 to 47.
D.    India’s diplomatic outreach in the African continent  enhanced by the decision and allow India to engage with Indian diaspora in African countries.


4.   North-East Industrial Development Scheme (NEIDS) 2017 approved by Cabinet.
A.    With financial outlay of Rs.3000 crores upto March, 2020 yhe Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the North East Industrial Development Scheme (NEIDS).
B.    Necessary allocations for remaining period of scheme after assessment before March 2020 will be provided by the government.
C.    It is a combination of the incentives covered under the earlier two schemes with a much larger outlay.


5.   Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission approved by Cabinet.
A.    The launch of a new Centrally Sponsored Ayushman Bharat -National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) approved by the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.
B.    It have central sector component under Ayushman Bharat Mission anchored in the MoHFW.
C.    More than 10 crore families belonging to poor and vulnerable population based on SECC database will be the target beneficiaries of the proposed scheme.
D.    The scheme has the benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year.
E.    The on-going centrally sponsored schemes –Rashtriya Swasthya BimaYojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS) will be subsumed by AB-NHPM.


6.   Closure of India Development Foundation of Overseas Indians approved by Cabinet.
A.    To enhance synergies in channelizing Diaspora’s contributions to Government of India’s flagship programmes such as National Mission for clean Ganga and Swachh Bharat Mission Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for closure of IDF-OI.
B.    Government of India with the approval of Cabinet in 2008 set up IDF-OI.
C.    It is approved as an autonomous not-for-profit Trust, to facilitate Overseas Indian philanthropy into social and development projects in India.
D.    Between December 2008 and March 2015 as the Foundation received only Rs. 36.80 Lakhs as donation from overseas Indian community.


7.   In Bhopal 106th edition of Indian Science Congress to be held next year.

Indian Science

A.    From 3rd to 7th January at the Barkatullah University in Bhopal the 106th edition of the Indian Science Congress will be held next year.
B.    Prof. Manoj Kumar Chakrabarti General President-elect of the Science Congress Association, announced that the theme of the meet will be ‘Future India: Science & Technology’.


8.   Robert Langlands, Canadian mathematician wins Abel Prize

Abel Prize

A.    The prestigious Abel Prize has won by Canadian mathematician Robert Langlands for developing a programme connecting representation theory to number theory.
B.    Norway’s King Harald will award Langlands the 6.0-million-kroner Abel Prize.
C.    The prize was established by the Norwegian government in 2002, Named after the 19th century Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel.


9.   At 105th Indian Science Congress NHAI Receives Best Design Pavilion Award.
A.    It was held at Imphal from 16-20 March 2018.
B.    Dr. Najma Heptulla, Governor of Manipur was conferred The award.
C.    To showcase its Projects and other initiatives like Electronic Toll Collection, Wayside Amenities, etc the NHAI had put up an exhibition stall.
D.    NHAI Exhibition stall at “Destination Bihar Expo 2018” held at Gandhi Maidan, Patna from 09-13 March 2018 besides this.
E.     It was ranked at Third Position in “Government Sector category”.
F.     Bihar Industries Association and Department of Industries, Govt. of Bihar jointly organized the exhibition.


10.  Special cover on Stephen Hawking released by India post.
A.    By issuing a special cover on him, India Post has paid tribute to theoretical physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking.
B.    The special cover was jointly issued by Chief Post Master General (CPMG) of Maharashtra and Goa Circle H C Agrawal and Director of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) Dr Sandip Trivedi.
C.    In the United Kingdom, in his home in Cambridge Hawking died at the age of 76 on March 14.


11.  Amendments in Surrogacy (regulation) bill approved by Cabinet.
A.    Proposal for moving official amendments in Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016 has approved by the Union Cabinet.
B.    National Surrogacy Board (NSB) will be constituted at central level once the Bill is enacted by Parliament.
C.   Within 3 months of notification by Central Government the States/UTs will constitute State Surrogacy Boards (SSBs) and State Appropriate Authorities.


12.  Revision of DTTA between India and Qatar approved by Cabinet.
A.    Revision existing Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) between India and Qatar has approved by the Union Cabinet.
B.    Avoidance of double taxation and for prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income is the purpose of revision.
C.    The existing DTAA between India and Qatar was signed in April 1999 and came into force in January, 2000.

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