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Bonded Labour Problems in INDIA

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Recent Update

52 trafficked labourers rescued from Ginger from Karnataka.

Causes of Bonded labour in India:

  • Economic Causes
  • Landlessness
  • Unemployement
  • Poverty
  • Lack of Awareness
  • Increased Unorganised industry
  • Social causes
  • Caste system
  • Social customs
  • Debt traps
  • Other causes
  • Migrations
  • Uneven developments
  • Old labour policies

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Constitutional safeguards:

Article 23 of the Indian constitution gives the right against the Exploitation

Legal safeguards:

  • Bonded labour system(Abolition)act,1976
  • Minimum wages act (1948)
  • Contract labour (regulation and abolition)act 1970
  • Child labour (prohibition and regulation) act
  • IPC section 370

Challenges in Adressing the issue of Bonded Labours

  • No strong survey and sample collections
  • Under reporting due to illiteracy
  • Flawed rehabilitation program
  • Poor implementation of laws
  • No awareness and increasing discrimination

Way forward:

  • Strengthen Legislation and block the loop holes
  • Giving adequate finance to the local governments
  • More awareness about government schemes
  • Strengthen the ambit of National Human Rights Commission

Central Sector schemes for Rehabilitation of Bonded Labour

It is a revamped scheme of bonded labour schemes 1978.

Salient features:

  • Financial assistance to people who are rescued.
  • 100% funded by Central Government
  • Creation of Bonded labour Rehabilitation Fund at District Level under the scrutinisation of the district collector.

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