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Why India needs urgent police reforms?

 

KEY FINDINGS 

INFRASTRUCTURE –

Av computers = 6/Police stations

But Bihar and Assam = 1/Police stations

SOCIAL ATTITUDE–   Police forces exhibit frightening prejunctional against women, lower castes and minorities.

¼ Male Personnel–High bias against female colleagues

¼ Female Personnel – Absence of internal committee to report sexual harassment at the workplace.

½ Police Personnel – Muslims are likely to be “naturally prone” to committing crimes.

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             MAJOR ISSUES WITH POLICE IN INDIA

  • HUGE VACANCIES – Only about 140 policemen/1, 00,000 people.
  • OVERBURDEN – Constable works for 14-16 hours.
  • RISKS TO LIFE – V high in India
  • POLICE INFRASTRUCTURE – Weapons, Vehicles absolute criminals use modern weapons.
  • QUALIFICATION AND TRAINING OF POLICE PERSONNEL – Biased 94% of total expenditure on IPS training.
  • POLITICIAN OF POLICE – Ex: CBI used by ruling party to file cases against opponents.
  • LACK OF COORDINATION – B/w Centre and states.
  • CRIMINALISATION OF POLITICS AND POLITICISATION OF CRIME
  • INEFFECTIVE – Cyber-crime, Global Terrorism, etc.
  • NOT TECHNOLOGY USAGE

              STEPS BY GOVERNMENT

  • PM at GUHAHATI CONFERENCE of DGp’s in 2014 initiated the concept of SMART Police i.e. Sensitive, Mobile, Alert, Reliable and Techno Survey.
  • JANAMAITHRI SURAKSHA in Kerala Beat constables keep regular contact with families.
  • MEIRA PAIBI (Torch Bearers) in Manipuri Basti, Guwahati, Assam – Tackle drug abuse among young.
  • WAY FORWARD

    REFORMS FOR SMART POLICE

    1. INFRASTRUCTURE – Increase no. of police personnel improvement in recruitment, training and service conditions.
    2. LEGISLATIVE – A single Police Act for Country move police to concurrent list; Statutory Backing for CBI.
    3. ADMINISTRATIVE – Separation of Investigation from law and order; specialized wings for social and cybercrime.
    4. TECHNOLOGY –Esp. Cyber security and Counter terrorism
    • Modernization of control room.
    • Fast-tracking of CLTNS through NATGRID

    CONCLUSION

    Since, being a Police officer in India is one of the most difficult, dangerous and idealistic jobs in world; urgent Police reforms are need of hour for a speedy and inexpensive justice delivery system; with technology at top priority.

    As PM Modi said,

                “I DREAM of a DIGITAL INDIA, where CYBER-SECURITY becomes an integral part of NATIONAL SECURITY.”

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