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In the current times, the concept of US being the superpower after the disintegration of Soviet Union in 1991 doesn’t  hold true. With emerging economies in the Indo- Pacific, it has becoming multi-polar world. As around 60% the trade happens in this region, there is tremendous opportunity for investment & development in the region. However, with the changing geopolitics in the Indo-Pacific and China trying to emerge as a superpower, the relationship between the states in the region has also become complex.

         Indo-Pacific

            CHINA:

  • Emergence as superpower
  • Belt & road initiative
  • Claims of the South China sea that go against international mandates.
  • Aggressive policies that are hunting the economies of other nation leaving them bank corrupt

            RUSSIA:

  • Sino-Russia bond by providing psychological support to China.
  • Deepening ties with victim Indonesia & other Indo- Pacific states.
  • All weather friend of India
  • Growing China, might hurt the markets of Russia.

            INDIA:

  • Worried of emergence of China & its growing relations with Pakistan.
  • Belt & Road initiative hurts sovereignty of India.
  • String of pearl policy of China issue.
  • Russia defense partnership.

            Japan & Australia:

  • Trade relations are being hampered.
  • Dominant China causing geopolitics intervention.

            US:

  • Vacuum of power
  • Trying to deeper bond with Indo-Pacific states to prevent emergence.

Every state is trying to serve their own interest awaits the raising China. The rising dominance of China in the Indo-Pacific:

  • Hambantota post in Sri Lanka
  • Debt traps in countries accepting the belt & road initiatives to receive silk route.
  • Disputes in the South China sea
  • Manufacturing hub– rise in exports.
  • Captured marketing around the world.

There is an urgent need to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of one state.

  • To look into the South China sea issue, UNCLOS laws should be rigorously implemented BRI around be received such that it doesn’t hurt sovereignty of any country & not leave then in a debt trap.
  • QUAD (US-Japan- Australia-India) dialogue must be revived.
  • India has a coastal boundary of 7500 km & has an extremely important role to play as an emerging economy. It can prevent the unitarist of power by acting as a bridge between Russia & US & increase ties between them.
  • Russias recent step for development in the Far East strengthen its place in the Indo-Pacific.
  • US: Pivot to Asia-increases role of US in development in the region.
  • India: Act East policy; thereby proving India is the favor of open& inclusive security& order building ideas with all states.

In such a way, rising dominance of China can be controlled and a multi-lateral world power can be promoted with coordinated policies between nations. Bilateral tasks & groups like ASEAN play a significant role to the overall development of Indo-Pacific which has the ability to serve in the interest of all the states thus promoting multi-lateral power.

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