Agriculture is dependent upon climatic variations, and in India we also followed Agriculture seasons based upon the time of the year especially seeing the climatic conditions. India’s cropping seasons are related to onset and offset of monsoon.
Major cropping seasons in India
In India, we have 3 mains cropping seasons. Here, in this article we have detailed out these agriculture seasons.
Now kickstart your preparation for aptitude test for interview. Boost up your preparation by our aptitude test for interviews for IT companies
Directly related to Southwestern monsoon. Hot and humid condition.
Starts from June, end till October
Crops grown: Rice, maize, millet, cotton, groundnut etc
Kharif season is directly related to rainy season in India, when the crops sown are those which have high water requirements. The sowing begins from onset of monsoon (typically first week of June in Kerala) and as per monsoon onsets in different part of country (eg first week of July in Punjab when monsoon reaches there).
Rice is the main kharif crop which is sown major parts of India during Kharif cropping season. India is the second largest producer of rice, and account for 20% of world’ production.
Maize is second most kharif crop which is sown in various part of country.
Kharif word originate from Arabic language and it means autumn.
Dry season when temperature is low during sowing and high during reaping.
Starts from November, end till March
Crops grown: Wheat, barley, mustard, tobacco
Wheat is the main rabi crop. India is world’s second largest producer of wheat. UP, Punjab and Haryana are three biggest states producing wheat in India.
Rabi word originates from Arabic language and it means spring.
Minor season which comes in between Rabi and Kharif seasons. It is further classified into 2 seasons.
Zaid Kharif: Aug-Sept
Zaid Rabi: Dec-Jan
This season is mainly used to grown vegetables as per the climatic conditions. For example: Cucumber, bitter gourd, water melon and musk melon are some of the zaid crop. These crops are grown on irrigated land and they do not wait for a monsoon.
As we can see India follows 2 major and 1 minor seasons for sowing crops and vegetables. You can refer to below diagram for easier understanding.
Points to note:
- Difference between Kharif and Rabi season
Kharif – monsoon, humid, water during sowing
Rabi – dry, low temperature during sowing, high during reaping
- Main Rabi and Kharif crops
Kharif – Rice and Maize
Rabi – Wheat
We hope that you have now understood different cropping seasons in India. If you have any doubt regarding this article, please feel free to write to us or post on our discussion forum.
We are also offering study material, online coaching and test series. If in case you are preparing for agriculture exams, you can refer to following links:
Study material for Nabard grade a
Online coaching for Nabard grade a
Other important links